The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Kocku von Stuckrad

The impressively comprehensive Brill Dictionary of Religion (BDR) Online addresses religion as an element of daily life and public discourse, is richly illustrated and with more than 500 entries, the Brill Dictionary of Religion Online is a multi-media reference source on the many and various forms of religious commitment. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online addresses the different theologies and doctrinal declarations of the official institutionalized religions and gives equal weight and consideration to a multiplicity of other religious phenomena. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online helps map out and define the networks and connections created by various religions in contemporary societies, and provides models for understanding these complex phenomena.


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War/Armed Forces

(1,349 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg
War as a Social Institution 1. Definition: War is an organized carrying out of a → conflict between or among groups equipped with deadly weapons. Unlike the individual exercise of violence, war is therefore a societal institution that permits, indeed legally prescribes, the killing of other persons. Depending on the respective degree of organization and complexity of the societies involved, the profile of war can differ greatly. War presupposes the existence of at least a rudimentary military force an…

Water

(2,698 words)

Author(s): von Behr, Benita
1. Water is a prerequisite for any life, and determines the daily existence of all persons at all moments. It is as much as about sixty percent of our body, and covers three fourths of the earth's surface. We encounter it as sweet water—as a spring, a river, a waterfall, a lake, dew, rain, clouds, ice, and snow. We use it as we eat, bathe, or drink. It quenches thirst, freshens, cools, heals, cleans, flushes the old out and the new in. Where it is missing, as in the desert, the effect is as life…

Weber, Max

(2,321 words)

Author(s): Kippenberg, Hans G.
Biographical Sketch Max Weber, born in Erfurt (Germany) in 1864, enrolled in 1882 in Heidelberg to study jurisprudence; in 1884 he carried on his studies in Berlin, where he received a doctorate for a work on trading societies in Italian cities. In 1892 he did a postdoctoral essay on the importance of Roman agrarian history for government and private rights. In 1893 Weber was appointed as professor of economics at Freiburg (Germany); three years later he got a similar chair in Heidelberg, where he…