Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World

Purchase Access
Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Anne Wittke, Eckhart Olshausen and Richard Szydlak
This new atlas of the ancient world illustrates the political, economic, social and cultural developments in the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean world, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic world and the Holy Roman Empire from the 3rd millennium BC until the 15th century AD.

Subscriptions: See Brill.com

Imperium Galliarum – the ‘Gallic Empire’ (AD 260–274)

(1,054 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, E.
Contemporaries had no conception of what we know as the ‘Gallic Empire’ or ‘Imperium Galliarum’ as a separate political entity. They saw the ‘emperors’ at Colonia Agrippinensis/Cologne and Augusta Treverorum/Trier as men who claimed dominion (with whatever, if any, justification) over the entire Roman Empire, but who were at present only able to implement this dominion in the western part of the Empire. The coins of Postumus, the founder of the ‘Gallic Empire’, make this claim with the correct i…

Important agricultural areas of the Mediterranean (1st and 2nd cents. AD)

(1,523 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, U.
I. Grain The most important areas of grain cultivation were Mesopotamia (although its poor transport links with the Mediterranean negated its importance as a producer for long-distance trade), the entire food plain of the Nile (shipped down the Nile and loaded onto seagoing ships at Alexandria), North Africa from Numidia to Cyrene (where the main export harbours were Carthage and Leptis Magna), Mauretania, Hispania Baetica (with Gades as the export harbour) and, finally, Sardinia and Sicily. Because of their proximity, the main traditional sources of supply for Rome fro…

Index Abbreviations

(130 words)

Explanations regarding the index are found in the Notes to the user. The index gives references not only as hyperlinks but also to the page numbers in the printed edition of the Atlas. Abbreviations used in the index are as follows: dcs. Dioecesis des. Desert isl. Island(s) (no extra indication for: insula/insulae or nesos/nesoi) kgd. ‘Kingdom’, ‘Empire’, etc.: political units of Graeco-Roman antiquity MI Map inset mtn. Mountain/range of mountains (no extra indication for: mons/montes) oas. Oasis p-d. Present-day ppl. People, tribe, tribal group prf. Praefectura prv. Province (Rom…

Index Letter A

(38,629 words)

a-ab-ba sig-sig (Persian Gulf) Mesopotamia in the 2nd half of the 3rd millennium BC – 11A, D3 Aalen The limites in Britannia, Germania and Raetia – 211, C3 Aardenburg The limites in Britannia, Germania and Raetia – 211, A2 Abacaenum The development of the Roman provinces of Sardinia, Corsica and Sicilia (3rd cent. BC to 5th/6th cents. AD) – 143B, D1 Abai The development of the Roman provinces in the southern Balkan Peninsula – 187, C2 Abakainon Tyrannis in the Archaic and Classical Periods – 93B, C2 Aballava The limites in Britannia, Germania and Raetia – 210B Abalos (ter.) Exploration in t…

Index Letter B

(13,979 words)

Baalbek (Heliopolis) Syria and Palestine, 2nd and 1st cents. BC – 131, D1 Babba The development of the Roman provinces in North Africa (146 BC – AD 395)/Rome’s war against Jugurtha (112–105 BC) – 147, A1;   The Roman Empire in the Civil War, 44-30 BC – 171, B3 Babīl / Bābili(m) / Bābilu (Babylon) The Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern concepts of the world – 3B, B1;   Mesopotamia in the 2nd half of the 3rd millennium BC – 10B, C2;   10C, C2;   11A, C2;   The Ancient Near East in the 17th and 16th centuries BC – 12, C3;   13A, D3;   13B, D2;   The Ancient Near and Middle East in the 15th to 13th centuries BC – 15A, D2; …

Index Letter C

(16,595 words)

C 69 The Eastern Mediterranean in the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400–1200 BC) – political and cultural interconnections – 29, D3 C(a)isra (Caere) The Etruscan core territory: emergence of the Etruscan cities (8th to 7th/6th cents. BC), as well as their heyday and crisis (6th to 4th/3rd cents. BC) – 75, C3;   The conflicts of the Etruscans and West Phoenicians with the Greeks (6th cent. to c. 400 BC) – 77, D2/3;   Commerce and trade in the Mediterranean world, 7th/6th cents. – 4th cent. BC – 85, D2;   The expansion of Rome into Etruria and Umbria up to the lex Iulia (4th cent. to 90/88 BC) – 111, D3/4 Cabades I …

Index Letter D

(9,701 words)

Da Qin (ter.) The Arsacid kingdom in the 1st and 2nd cents. AD (to AD 224) – 215, A1-B1/2 Da Xia (ter.) The Arsacid kingdom in the 1st and 2nd cents. AD (to AD 224) – 215, E/F2 Da Yuan (ter.) The Arsacid kingdom in the 1st and 2nd cents. AD (to AD 224) – 215, F1 Daai (ppl.) The Hellenistic kingdoms of Indo-Bactria in the 2nd and 1st cents. BC – 133A, A2;   133B, A2;   The Arsacid kingdom in the 1st and 2nd cents. AD (to AD 224) – 215, D1 Daci (ppl.) The La Tène Culture (c. 450 BC – c. AD 1) – 81, H3 Dacia (prv.) The development of the Roman provinces in the northern Balkan Peninsula (1st cent. BC to 4th cent. AD) – 184;   …

Index Letter E

(9,005 words)

Eastern Hallstatt Culture The Hallstatt Culture (c. 800-450 BC) – 78f.;   Trading relations between the Mediterranean world and north of the Alps (8th–5th cents. BC) – 83 Eastern Lokris (ter.) The Greek leagues – 101A, C2 Eastern Phoenicians The Phoenician and West Phoenician/Carthaginian world in the western Mediterranean area (9th–2nd cents. BC) – 70 Ebirnāri (ter.) The Achaemenid Kingdom (6th to 4th cents. BC) – 87, C/D2 Ebla Mesopotamia in the 2nd half of the 3rd millennium BC – 10B, A1;   10C, A1;   11A, A2;   The Ancient Near East in the 17th and 16th centuries BC – 13A, B2;   13B, B2 Ebony Ex…

Index Letter F

(2,803 words)

Fabia (trb.) Populus Romanus: the 4 urban and 31 rural tribus in Italy (c. 500–241 BC) – 107MI(A) Fabius Maximus Aemilianus, Q. Rome’s wars in the west (206 –101 BC) – 148 Fabius Maximus Allobrogicus, Q. The development of the Roman provinces in Gaul (1st cent. BC – 4th cent. AD) – 166 Fabius Maximus Servilianus, Q. Rome’s wars in the west (206 –101 BC) – 148 Fabrateria Nova Roman colonization – 155, D4 Fadak The unification and expansion of the Arabs under the first four caliphs (632–661) – 243, E3 Faesulae (Fiesole) Italy from the 10th to the 8th cents. BC – 65, B3;   Th…

Index Letter G

(9,466 words)

Gaas Syria and Palestine, 2nd and 1st cents. BC – 131, C4 Gaba(a) / Gabe (Philippeia) Syria and Palestine, 2nd and 1st cents. BC – 131, C3;   The development of the Roman provinces in the Levant (1st cent. BC to 4th cent. AD) – 181, A3 Ǧabal Abū Duḫān (mtn.) Egypt from the 4th to 1st cents. BC – 121B, C4 Ǧabal Akhdar (mtn.) The eastern and southern frontiers of the Roman Empire, 1st–3rd cents. AD – 212, D1 Ǧabal Anṣarīya (mtn.) The Eastern Mediterranean in the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400–1200 BC) – political and cultural interconnections – 28, B1/2 Ǧabal Aqra (mtn.) The Eastern Mediterranean in the…

Index Letter H

(11,382 words)

Ḫaballa (ter.) The Ancient Near and Middle East in the 15th to 13th centuries BC – 15A, B2;   15B, B2;   The Hittite Empire, ‘Ḫattusa’, in the 13th cent. BC – 23, C/D2 Ḫabban (ter.) The Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern concepts of the world – 2 Ḫabḫu (ter.) Mesopotamia and neighbouring regions (745–711 BC) – 51, E3 Habitancum The limites in Britannia, Germania and Raetia – 210B Ḫabruri / Ḫabruru (ter.) Urarṭu and eastern Anatolia c. 700 BC – 41, D2;   Mesopotamia and the Levant in the 10th and 9th cents. BC – 47A, D2 Ḫābūr (wtr.) Mesopotamia in the 2nd half of the 3rd millennium BC – 11A, B2;   …

Index Letter I

(9,454 words)

Iader The Roman Empire in the Civil War 49–45 BC – 169, D2;   The development of the Roman provinces in the northern Balkan Peninsula (1st cent. BC to 4th cent. AD) – 185, A2 Ialysos The extent of Mycenaean culture in the Aegean area (17th to 11th cents. BC) – 27, E3;   Greece, the Aegean and western Asia Minor from the 12th to the 9th cents. – 35, F3;   Greece, the Aegean and western Asia Minor, late 9th – c. mid 6th cents. BC – 37, E4;   Anatolia, 10th–7th cents. BC – 39, C3;   The Persian Wars (c. 500–478/449 BC) – 89, F3;   The Delian League (478-404 BC) – 95, F3 Iamneia The six Syrian Wars (275/74 –168 BC…

Index Letter J

(1,059 words)

ʿj (Ityke) The Phoenician and West Phoenician/Carthaginian world in the western Mediterranean area (9th–2nd cents. BC) – 71, E2 Jadburu (ter.) Mesopotamia and neighbouring regions (745–711 BC) – 51, E3/4;   Mesopotamia and neighbouring regions in the late 8th and 7th cents. BC – 53A, D2 Jadnana (Cyprus) The Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern concepts of the world – 3B, A1;   The Luwian-aramaic principalities c. 900 BC – 43, A3;   Mesopotamia and neighbouring regions (745–711 BC) – 51, B3;   Mesopotamia and neighbouring regions in the late 8th and 7th cents. BC – 53A, C2;   53B, C2;   …

Index Letter K

(16,259 words)

K’ang-Chu, kgd. of the The Arsacid kingdom in the 1st and 2nd cents. AD (to AD 224) – 215, E/F1 Kabaion (cape) Exploration in the ancient world – 8-9, B2 Kaballion The development of the Roman provinces in Gaul (1st cent. BC – 4th cent. AD) – 166, B2 Kabeira The Hellenistic world in the 2nd cent. BC – 129, C2;   The three Roman wars against Mithridates VI (89–85, 83/82, 74–63 BC) – 159, F2 Kabnak The Ancient Near and Middle East in the 15th to 13th centuries BC – 15A, E2/3 Kabul / Kāvul Exploration in the ancient world – 8-9, F3;   The Arsacid kingdom in the 1st and 2nd cents. AD (to AD 224) – 215, F2;   …

Index Letter L

(12,438 words)

La Aliseda The Phoenician and West Phoenician/Carthaginian world in the western Mediterranean area (9th–2nd cents. BC) – 71, A2 La Chamelle The first three Crusades (1096–1192) – 249, E3 La Joya The Phoenician and West Phoenician/Carthaginian world in the western Mediterranean area (9th–2nd cents. BC) – 71, A2 La Liche The first three Crusades (1096–1192) – 249, C2 La Marre The first three Crusades (1096–1192) – 249, E2 La Tène The La Tène Culture (c. 450 BC – c. AD 1) – 80, C2;   81, D3 Lābāši-Marduk Mesopotamia and neighbouring regions in the late 7th and 6th cents. BC – 54 Labeatai (ppl.) Rom…

Index Letter M

(20,393 words)

Ma, Chiefs of Egypt in the 3rd Intermediate Period and the Late Dynastic Period (c. 1080–332 BC) – 58 Maccabaean Revolt Syria and Palestine, 2nd and 1st cents. BC – 130 Maccabaeans, kgd. of the City foundations and educational establishments in the Hellenistic period (4th–2nd cents. BC) – 118;   The Hellenistic world in the 2nd cent. BC – 128;   Syria and Palestine, 2nd and 1st cents. BC – 130 Macedonia (dcs.) Administrative history of Crete and the Cyrenaica in the Roman period (96 BC – 6th cent. AD) – 163 Macedonia (prv.) The Hellenistic world in the 3rd cent. BC – 116;   …

Index Letter N

(9,477 words)

Nabada Mesopotamia in the 2nd half of the 3rd millennium BC – 10B, B1;   10C, B1;   11A, B1 Nabataioi / Nabataeans (ppl.) The kingdoms of the Diadochi (c. 303 BC) – 115, C2;   City foundations and educational establishments in the Hellenistic period (4th–2nd cents. BC) – 118;   Egypt from the 4th to 1st cents. BC – 120f.;   The six Syrian Wars (275/74 –168 BC) – 123, C4-E4;   The Hellenistic world in the 2nd cent. BC – 129, C3/4;   Syria and Palestine, 2nd and 1st cents. BC – 130f.;   Trading routes in the Hellenistic period (4th–1st cents. BC) – 134f.;   The three Roman war…

Index Letter O

(4,847 words)

Oasis megale (oas.) Egypt in the New Kingdom – 21A, B5;   Egypt in the 3rd Intermediate Period and the Late Dynastic Period (c. 1080–332 BC) – 59A, B5;   59B, B4;   Commerce and trade in the Mediterranean world, 7th/6th cents. – 4th cent. BC – 85, F4;   Egypt from the 4th to 1st cents. BC – 121A, B5;   121B, B5 Oasis mikra (oas.) Egypt in the Old Kingdom and the 1st Intermediate Period – 17A, A5;   17B, A5;   Egypt in the New Kingdom – 21A, A5;   Egypt in the 3rd Intermediate Period and the Late Dynastic Period (c. 1080–332 BC) – 59A, A5;   59B, A4;   Commerce and trade in the Med…

Index Letter P

(22,698 words)

P / Dp (Buto) Egypt in the Old Kingdom and the 1st Intermediate Period – 17A, B2 ʿpʾ (Hippo Acra) The Phoenician and West Phoenician/Carthaginian world in the western Mediterranean area (9th–2nd cents. BC) – 71, D2 ʿ(p)ʾ (Hippo Regius) The Phoenician and West Phoenician/Carthaginian world in the western Mediterranean area (9th–2nd cents. BC) – 71, D2 Pacatiana (prv.) The development of the Roman provinces in Asia Minor (2nd cent. BC to 5th cent. AD) – 183, C/D2 Pachoras Egypt from the 4th to 1st cents. BC – 121A, B7 Pacorus The Roman Empire in the Civil War, 44-30 BC – 170 Padakku Mesopotamia an…

Index Letter Q

(1,346 words)

Qadē (ter.) The Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern concepts of the world – 3B, B2 Qadeš / Qidša / Qedeš The Ancient Near East in the 17th and 16th centuries BC – 13A, B2;   13B, B2;   The Ancient Near and Middle East in the 15th to 13th centuries BC – 14, B2;   15A, C2;   15B, C2;   The Eastern Mediterranean in the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400–1200 BC) – political and cultural interconnections – 29, E3;   The eastern Mediterranean and Near East (12th – mid 10th cent. BC) – 33A, C2;   Palestine from the 10th to the 6th cents. BC – 45A, C2;   45B, C2 Qadeš, Battle of (c. 1275 BC) The Ancient Near and Middle East…
▲   Back to top   ▲