Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Anne Wittke, Eckhart Olshausen and Richard Szydlak
This new atlas of the ancient world illustrates the political, economic, social and cultural developments in the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean world, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic world and the Holy Roman Empire from the 3rd millennium BC until the 15th century AD.

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Languages in ancient Italy before the spread of Latin

(921 words)

Author(s): Meiser, G.
Due to numerous, partly overlapping migrations from the second millennium onward, the linguistic map of pre-Roman Italy is characterized by great diversity. Both archaeological evidence and historical sources regarding these migrations are available in exceptional cases only, such as the infiltration of the Padana by the Celts, which roughly happened from the 6th to the 4th cents. (Liv. 5,34) or the southward expansion of the Samnites (Strab. 5,242). On the other hand, almost a score of language…

Late Bronze Age/transitional Iron Age (c. 1400 BC – 10th cent. BC) Mycenaean and Italo-Mycenaean central Mediterranean find sites

(2,008 words)

Author(s): Wittke, A.-M.
Mycenaean and Italic-Mycenaean sites in the central Mediterranean region in the Late Bronze Age and the transition period to the Iron Age ( c. 1400–10th cent. BC) This map outlines the commercial and possibly colonial presence of Mycenaeans from the Aegean in southern Italy, on the Aeolian Islands and in Sicily, extending to parts of the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian coasts as well as to Sardinia. The charted period covers the time from the late Bronze Age, i.e. the peak of the Mycenaean civilization as well as its decline and …

League formations with hegemonic tendencies in the Greek world, 4th cent. BC

(2,044 words)

Author(s): Wittke, A.-M. | Eder, W.
The hegemonial leagues of the 4th cent. shared two features: orientation towards a leading polis or person ( hegemon) within the League and the foreign policy objective of expanding their sphere of action by treaties and/or military means in order to achieve hegemony over neighbouring territories or ideally over Greece and the Aegean region. Some of them were organized as a league of states, i.e. a federation of autonomous poleis led by a state empowered with executive foreign policy rights ( hegemon) and a council of member states ( synhedrion); others were structured as a territor…