Brill’s New Pauly

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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Uberi

(47 words)

Author(s): Graßl, Herbert (Salzburg)
[German version] Subsection of the tribe of the Lepontii living near the source of the Rhodanus (modern Rhône) in the upper Valais (Plin. HN 3,135); conquered by Augustus (Plin. HN 3,137). Graßl, Herbert (Salzburg) Bibliography G. Barruol, Les peuples préromains du sud-est de la Gaule, 1969, 311.

Ubertas

(106 words)

Author(s): Sehlmeyer, Markus (Jena)
[German version] Personification of fertility and abundance; evidence only from 249 AD (on coins as Uberitas). In the form of a standing woman with a purse and cornucopia she embodies the expectation of economic benefits, which the emperor (until Constantinus [2] II, 337-340 AD), as a ruler with the prerogative of minting coins, guaranteed. There is no evidence of a cult of U. in contrast to Felicitas.…

Ubii

(479 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] Germanic tribe (Caes. B Gall. 4,3,3; Tac. Germ. 28,4; Tac. Hist. 4,28,1; 4,64), settled in Caesar's time on the right bank of the Rhine (Rhenus [2]) between the lower La(u)gona (modern Lahn) and Taunus. Displaced by the Suebi, the U. allied with Caesar in 55 BC (Caes. B Gall. 4,8,3; 16,5-8). Caesar's Rhine crossings in 55 and 53 BC probably took place from the Neuwieder Becken in the territory of the U. The history and chronology of their resettlement on…

Ucalegon

(74 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle)
[German version] (Οὐκαλέγων from  οὐκ ἀλέγων, 'without care', Latin Ucalegon). Member of the Trojan council of elders (Hom. Il. 3,146). In Vergil one of the Trojans whose houses were the first to go up in flames when the city was conquered (Verg. Aen. 2,311 f., taken up in  Juv. 3,198 f.). Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) Bibliography F. Bliss, Ucalegon and the Scaean Gate, in: Vergilius 42, 1996, 50-54  P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, Nr. 253.

Ucenni

(36 words)

Author(s): Graßl, Herbert (Salzburg)
[German version] Alpine people in the Romanche valley at L'Oisans (Str. 4,1,11; 4,6,5: Ἰκόνιοι/ Ikónioi), subjugated by Augustus  (Plin. HN. 3,137). Graßl, Herbert (Salzburg) Bibliography G. Barruol, Les peuples préromains du sud-est de la Gaule, 1969, 318.

Ucetia

(113 words)

Author(s): Winkle, Christian
[German version] City in the territory of the Volcae Arecomici (in the province of Gallia Narbonensis), modern Uzès (in the département of Gard). The oppidum in the territory of Nemausus (modern Nîmes; Str. 4,1,12; Plin. HN 3,37; Notitia Galliarum 15,9: Castrum Uceciense) was an important road hub [1. 406 f.]. U. was a bishop's see in AD 442 [2. 94 f., 107 f.]. There is evidence of dedications to Mars, Jupiter and a Gaulish deity Segomanna, mentioned only there (CIL XII 2925-2961; 5886; [3. 393; 4. 88 f.]). Winkle, Chris…

Uchi maius

(153 words)

Author(s): Huß, Werner (Bamberg)
[German version] Township in Africa Proconsularis (Africa [3]) 12 km to the west of Thugga, modern Henchir Douemis. Marius [I 1] settled Gaetulian veterans there [1. 10]; they did not form a colonia but only a conventus of Carthage (CIL VIII Suppl. 4, 26250; 26252; 26276). Under Septimius [II 7] Severus UM was a res publica (CIL VIII Suppl. 4, 26255), in 230 AD a colonia (CIL VIII Suppl. 1, 15447; 15450; Suppl. 4,…

Uchoreus

(95 words)

Author(s): Quack, Joachim (Berlin)
[German version] (Οὐχορεύς; Ouchoreús). According to Diod. Sic. 1,50 the eighth child of Osymandias (Ramses [2] II) and the founder of Memphis, which he is supposed to have made into a strong fortress with an embankment and a large lake. Scholars like to identify it with the Ὀχυράς/ Ochyrás mentioned in the Book of Sothis in Syncellus (FGrH III F 28,110,9). The name is customarily explained as a corruption of ὀχρεύς ('the permanent') and considered to be a translation of the Egyptian mn (Menes [1]). Quack, Joachim (Berlin) Bibliography …

Ufens

(92 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] River in Latium (Latini), after which the tribus Oufentina was named in 318 BC (Liv. 9,20,6; Fest. 212,7 ff. L.: Ofens); modern Uffente. The U. rises on Mons Lepinus (modern Monti Lepini) to the north of  Setia and flowed into the Pomptinae paludes ( Ager Pomptinus ), where it collected (Verg. Aen. 7,801;  Str. 5,3,6;  Sil. Pun. 8,382). There it was crossed by the Via Appia on a two-arched bridge. To the east of Cerceii it flowed into the sea. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography M. Cancellieri, s. v. Ufente, EV 5, 354.

Uffizi Gallery, Florence

(1,335 words)

Author(s): Köhler, Jens (Rome)
Köhler, Jens (Rome) [German version] A. Architectural History (CT) The Uffizi Gallery in Florence, the largest art gallery in Europe, boasts an important collection of ancient sculptures, dating back to the Medici and the Duca di Lorena (Lothringen-Habsburg). The Palazzo degli Uffizi was built from 1560 to 1580 by Giorgio Vasari on orders of Cosimo I de' Medici, intended to house the municipal administration. The Corridoio Vasariano, built in 1565, linked it to the Palazzo Pitti. Between 1581 and 1588, Francesco I commi…

Ugarit

(546 words)

Author(s): Tropper, Joseph (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Ḫattusa | Mesopotamia | Aegean Koine ( Ras Šamra) is the name of an ancient city on the Syrian coast (11 km north-east of al-Lāḏiqīya), which was discovered in 1928. U. was continuously inhabited from c. 6500 to c. 1180 B…

Ugaritic

(259 words)

Author(s): Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen)
[German version] Term for a Semitic language, named after Ugarit, an important city and centre of the northern Syrian city state of the same name. The city of Ugarit was only discovered in 1928. Other than in Ugarit, texts written in Ugaritic have been found in Mīnā al-Baiḍā (the port of Ugarit), Ras Ibn Hāni and sporadically in other places, including Cyprus. Ugaritic represents an independent branch of the Semitic language family. Its precise classification is disputed by…

Ugium

(364 words)

Author(s): Winkle, Christian
[German version] City in Gallia Narbonensis, present-day Saint-Blaise, east of the mouth of the Rhodanus (Rhône), c. 35 km north west of Massalia (Marseille) at the edge of a plateau. The plateau is surrounded by four salt water lakes (Étangs du Pourra, de Citis, d'Engrenier, de Lavalduc). The place name was unkown to the Greek geographers, it is only documented for the Early Middle Age settlement. It is possibly the local name of the Massaliotic oppidum of Mastramele (Steph. Byz. s. v. Μαστραμέλη/ Mastramélē; Avien. 700: Mastrabala). U. may originally have been the name of the oppidum, the complex of Saint-Blaise/Castelveyre and the pond of Lavalduc with the salt works (Str. 4,1,7). The ancient settlement was located on the northern part of the plateau ( c. 8 ha). Steep slopes formed a natural fortification; in the south and south east, the settlement was enclosed by…