Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

Purchase Access
Subject: History

Brill’s Digital Library of World War I is an online resource that contains over 700 encyclopedia entries plus 250 peer-reviewed articles of transnational and global historical perspectives on significant topics of World War I. This collection includes Brill’s Encyclopedia of the First World War, an unrivalled reference work that showcases the knowledge of experts from 15 countries and offers 26 additional essays on the major belligerents, wartime society and culture, diplomatic and military events, and the historiography of the Great War.

The 250 articles address not only the key issues from political, historical and cultural perspectives, but also engages with aspects of the war which have remained underexplored such as the neutrals, the role of women before, during and after the war, and memory. The chapters have been drawn from a select number of Brill publications that have been published in the last 15 years. Brill’s Digital Library of World War I is a unique digital library that will allow researchers to discover new perspectives and connections with the enhanced navigational tools provided.

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(1,390 words)

Author(s): Kraus, Jürgen
Uniforms At the beginning of the war, the armies of most warring states were outfitted with a special field uniform, camouflaged to blend into the terrain, in addition to their colorful parade uniforms. Such a camouflage uniform was necessary because of modern weapons technology including smokeless powder. This was already well known from the Boer Wars and the Russo-Japanese War. Still, camouflage uniforms dated back to the colonial wars of the 19th century. Based on experience in India, Great Br…

Union of Democratic Control

(305 words)

Author(s): Reimann, Aribert
Union of Democratic Control British association of radical-liberal and socialist politicians and intellectuals who spoke out against imperialistic politics and annexationist war aims while advocating a democratically controlled foreign policy. The U.D.C. was founded on September 5, 1914, as a manifestation of open protest against British politics during the July Crisis by James Ramsay MacDonald, Norman Angell, Arthur Ponsonby, and Edmund Dene Morel. Other co-founders included, among others, Bertrand Russell, Charles P. Trevelyan, John Maynard Keynes, and Arthur Henderson. The initial circle of 26 initiators quickly developed into a mass organization with roughly 300,000 members in1915 to 750,000 members in 1918 and several hundred affiliated associations and initiatives. The demands of the U.D.C. encompassed the bringing about of a peace of understanding, the principle of territorial integrity (deviations from which are only possible by way of referenda among the concerned populations), the parliamentary control of foreign politics, the establishment of a league of nations, the all-round disarmament of the warring nations, and the immediate restoration of international free trade following the end of the war. The U.D.C. placed great hopes in the commitment of the American president Woodrow Wilson, but opposed the unrestricted application of the peoples’ right to self-determination, as it was feared that this would have a destabilizing effect – particularly in Southeastern Europe. With the beginning of the grand war coalition of liberals and conservatives in 1915, the U.D.C. gradually disassociated itself from the liberal party and eventually entered into a close alliance with the Labour Party, which grew increasingly strong after th…

United States

(6,802 words)

Author(s): Schaffer, Ronald
United States When the EuropeanSchaffer, Ronald

Unruh, Fritz von

(528 words)

Author(s): Schneider, Thomas F.
Unruh, Fritz von (May 10, 1885, Koblenz – November 28, 197…