Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Wouter J. Hanegraaff, in collaboration with Antoine Faivre, Roelof van den Broek and Jean-Pierre Brach

Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online is the comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19thcentury Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online also contains articles about the life and work of all the major personalities in the history of Gnosis and Western Esotericism, discussing their ideas, significance, and historical influence.

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Occult/Occultism

(3,540 words)

Author(s): Hanegraaff, Wouter J.
Although the various terms and expressions based upon the latin “occultus” (“hidden, secret”, from occulere, “to cover over, hide, conceal”) tend to be used indiscriminately and are often confused in common parlance, they are the reflection of a historical development in the various stages of which they refer to different things. It is of particular importance to distinguish between the original adjective “occult”, and the substantive “occultism” that made its first appearance in the 19th century. 1. Occult Qualities In the context of the medieval reception of Aristotelian…

Oetinger, Friedrich Christoph

(3,965 words)

Author(s): Breymayer, Reinhard
Oetinger, Friedrich Christoph (pseudonyms: Halatophilus Irenaeus, Bibliophilus Irenaeus), * 2[?] May 1702 (Göppingen), † 10 Feb 1782 (Murrhardt) 1. Life From 1717 to 1720 Oetinger was a pupil at the Monastery School in Blaubeuren, where he came into contact with August Hermann Francke (1663-1727), who visited the town in 1717. He then transferred to the Monastery School in Bebenhausen, near Tübingen (1720-1722). At the University of Tübingen, he was a scholarship student at the “Stift” (Theological Seminary). Here,…