Encyclopaedia Islamica

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: Farhad Daftary and Wilferd Madelung

Encyclopaedia Islamica Online is based on the abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. A unique feature of the Encyclopaedia Islamica Online lies in the attention given to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, Encyclopaedia Islamica Online offers the Western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contribution to Islamic civilization, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.

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LIST OF ENTRIES

(700 words)

Article Author (translator) al-Bīrūnī Younes Karamati (Matthew Melvin-Koushki) Bishr al-Ḥāfī Hussein La-Shay’ (Farzin Negahban) Bishr al-Marīsī Naser Gozashteh (Mushegh Asatryan) Bishr b. al-Muʿtamir Mohammad Javad Anvari (Keven Brown) Bishr b. al-Sarī Mohammad Kazem Alavi (Najam Abbas) Bismil Shīrāzī Ali Mir-Ansari (Keven Brown) Bīsutūn Ali Karam Hamedani (Rahim Gholami) Bīzhan wa Manīzhah Abolfazl Khatibi (Dominic Parviz Brookshaw) Blue Mosque of Tabrīz Isabel Miller Bohra Farhad Daftary Brotherhood Farhang Mehrvash, Sadeq Sajjadi (Farzin Negahban) Budayl b. Warqāʾ M…

List of Entries

(1,041 words)