Encyclopaedia Islamica

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: Farhad Daftary and Wilferd Madelung

Encyclopaedia Islamica Online is based on the abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. A unique feature of the Encyclopaedia Islamica Online lies in the attention given to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, Encyclopaedia Islamica Online offers the Western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contribution to Islamic civilization, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.

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  • Abbreviations and Frequently-Cited Works
  • System of Transliteration of Arabic and Persian Characters
  • List of Entries
  • Bābā Afḍal
  • Bābā Faraj Tabrīzī
  • Bābā Farīd al-Dīn Ganj Shikar
  • Bābā Ilyās Khurāsānī
  • Bābā Jān Ḥāfiẓ-i Turbatī
  • Bābā Kamāl-i Jandī
  • Bābā Luqmān, Mausoleum
  • Bābā Qāsim, Mausoleum
  • Bābā Rukn al-Dīn Shīrāzī
  • Bābā Rukn al-Dīn Shīrāzī, Mausoleum
  • Bābā Shāh Iṣfahānī
  • Bābā Ṭāhir
  • Bābāʾī Movement
  • Bābak Khurram-Dīn
  • Bābil (Babel or Babylon)
  • Badāʾ
  • Badāʾiʿ Nigār, Mīrzā Mahdī
  • Badāʾiʿ Nigār, Muḥammad Ibrāhīm
  • Badakhshān
  • Badakhshānī, Sayyid Suhrāb Walī
  • Badakhshī, Shāh Muḥammad
  • Bādgīr
  • Bādhil Mashhadī
  • Badīʿ in Persian Language and Literature
  • Badīʿ al-Zamān Hamadānī
  • Badīʿ al-Zamān Tabrīzī
  • Badīhiyyāt
  • Badr
  • Baghdad
  • al-Baghdādī, ʿAbd al-Qādir
  • Bahāʾ al-Dīn Abū Muḥammad Zakariyyāʾ Multānī
  • Bahāʾ al-Dīn Mattū
  • Bahāʾ al-Dīn Walad (Bahāʾ Walad or Sulṭān al-ʿUlamāʾ)
  • Bahāʾ al-Dīn Walad (Sulṭān Walad)
  • Bahār, Muḥammad Taqī
  • Bahār-i ʿAjam
  • Bahmanyār b. al-Marzubān
  • Bahrām b. Mardānshāh
  • Al-Baḥrānī, Abū al-Ḥasan Jamāl al-Dīn
  • al-Baḥrānī, Hāshim
  • Baḥrayn (Bahrain)
  • Bajaliyya
  • al-Bākharzī, Abū al-Ḥasan
  • Bākharzī, Abū al-Maʿālī Sayf al-Dīn
  • Bākharzī, Abū al-Mafākhir
  • Bakht
  • Bakhtiyār Kākī
  • Bakhtiyārī
  • Bakhtiyār-nāmah
  • Bakr b. Wāʾil
  • Bakrān, Muḥammad b. Najīb
  • al-Balādhurī
  • Balāgha
  • Balʿam Bāʿūr
  • Balʿamī
  • Balkh
  • Balūch
  • Balūchī Literature
  • Balyānī, Amīn al-Dīn
  • Balyānī, Awḥad al-Dīn
  • Bam, Arg
  • Banākatī
  • Banū Isrāʾīl
  • Banū al-Munajjim
  • Banū Mūsā
  • al-Baqīʿ
  • Bāqī bi’llāh
  • al-Bāqillānī, Abū Bakr
  • Bāqir Khān
  • Al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib
  • Al-Barāʾ b. Mālik
  • Barāʾa
  • Barāhīn Ithbāt al-Bāriʾ
  • Barāhūyī (Brahui)
  • Baraka
  • Baraka (Barakat) Hamadānī
  • Barāq Bābā
  • al-Barbahārī
  • Barbaṭ
  • Bard al-ʿAjūz
  • Bār-i Amānat
  • Barīd
  • Barmakids
  • Al-Barqī
  • Barṣīṣā
  • Barsiyān
  • Barzakh
  • Al-Basāsīrī
  • al-Basawī
  • Bashīr b. Saʿd
  • Bashīriyya
  • Bashshār b. Burd
  • Basīṭ al-Ḥaqīqa
  • Basīṭ wa Murakkab
  • Baṣra
  • Baṣra (Morocco)
  • Bast
  • Basṭām
  • al-Basṭāmī
  • Bāṭiniyya
  • al-Bāṭirqānī
  • Bay ʿ
  • Bayʿa
  • Bayān b. Samʿān
  • Bāyazīd Basṭāmī
  • Bāyazīd Basṭāmī (al-Thānī)
  • Bayḍā
  • al-Bayḍāwī
  • Bayhaq
  • al-Bayhaqī, Abū Bakr
  • Bayhaqī, Abū al-Faḍl
  • al-Bayhaqī, Abū al-Ḥasan
  • al-Bayhaqī, Abū Jaʿfar
  • Bayt al-Ḥikma
  • Bayt al-Māl
  • al-Bayt al-Maʿmūr
  • al-Bazanṭī
  • Bāzgasht-i Adabī
  • Bazīghiyya
  • al-Bazzār, Abū Bakr Aḥmad
  • al-Bazzī
  • Bektashi Order
  • Bībī Shahrbānū
  • Bīdābādī
  • Bīdil (Bedil)
  • Bih Āfarīd
  • Biḥār al-Anwār
  • Bihzād, Ḥusayn
  • Bihzād, Kamāl al-Dīn
  • Bilāl al-Ḥabashī
  • Bilāl b. Ḥārith
  • Bilawhar wa Būdāsaf
  • Bilgrāmī
  • Bilqīs
  • Bindings and Binding
  • Bīrjandī