Encyclopaedia of Judaism

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Subject: Jewish Studies

General Editors: Jacob Neusner, Alan J. Avery-Peck and William Scott Green

The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers more than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words and is a unique reference tool.  The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and systematic presentation of the current state of scholarship on fundamental issues of Judaism, both past and present. While heavy emphasis is placed on the classical literature of Judaism and its history, the Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online also includes principal entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and other acutely contemporary issues. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it reflects the highest standards in scholarship. Covering a tradition of nearly four thousand years, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field describe the way of life, history, art, theology, philosophy, and the practices and beliefs of the Jewish people.

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Jerusalem in Judaism

(7,172 words)

Author(s): Gruber, Mayer
The Rabbinic Judaism that emerged after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 c.e. took for granted that the city Deuteronomy spoke of as “the place God would choose,” God's capital city, is Jerusalem. The rabbis thus canonized the view expressed explicitly in the Bible only in Solomon's dedicatory prayer (1 Kgs. 8; 2 Chr. 6), that Jerusalem and the Temple Mount are a conduit for prayers to the one God of all the universe. The later history of Judaism revolves, at least in part, around the unfolding of t…

Jesus and Judaism

(8,218 words)

Author(s): Chilton, Bruce
Recent study of Jesus has emphasized the Hellenistic setting of his activity and of his movement as a whole. Sometimes—for example in the work of John Dominic Crossan, discussed below—the result has been an evidently programmatic extraction of Jesus from the Judaic environment of his day. Our purpose here is not simply to redress that imbalance, but (while redressing it) to show how pivotal issues within the critical study of Jesus may only be resolved by attending to his Judaic milieu. That Jes…