Encyclopaedia of Judaism

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Subject: Jewish Studies

General Editors: Jacob Neusner, Alan J. Avery-Peck and William Scott Green

The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers more than 200 entries comprising more than 1,000,000 words and is a unique reference tool.  The Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online offers an authoritative, comprehensive, and systematic presentation of the current state of scholarship on fundamental issues of Judaism, both past and present. While heavy emphasis is placed on the classical literature of Judaism and its history, the Encyclopaedia of Judaism Online also includes principal entries on circumcision, genetic engineering, homosexuality, intermarriage in American Judaism, and other acutely contemporary issues. Comprehensive and up-to-date, it reflects the highest standards in scholarship. Covering a tradition of nearly four thousand years, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field describe the way of life, history, art, theology, philosophy, and the practices and beliefs of the Jewish people.

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Natural Science, Judaism and

(11,770 words)

Author(s): Solomon, Norman
The familiarity of names such as Freud, Einstein, and Feynman suggests that, since the latter half of the nineteenth century, Jews have been at the forefront of scientific advancement. Almost one hundred Jews have been awarded Nobel prizes in chemistry, physics, and medicine. This is 20% of these prizes, far out of proportion to the number of Jews in the world's population. Nobel prizes, however, mark only individual success, leaving us to inquire whether the extraordinary achievements of some J…

New Testament, Mishnaic Readings in the

(4,601 words)

Author(s): Fernández, Miguel Pérez
Revealing the common traditions in the Gospels and Tannaitic literature increases our understanding of both texts, clarifying in the process literary and historical dependencies. As a consequence of many years of common research by Christians and Jews, we now possess a greater sensitivity to and appreciation of the intertextuality of the Christian and Rabbinic writings. Three examples taken from the different sources of the Gospels exemplify the results we hope to achieve: one from Q, the prayer of Paternoster, “ours day's bread give us today” (Matt. 6:11; Luke 11:3); the…