Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis
Associate Editors: Vit Bubenik, Emilio Crespo, Chris Golston, Alexandra Lianeri, Silvia Luraghi, Stephanos Matthaios

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

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Phaistos Disc

(695 words)

Author(s): Artemis Karnava
Abstract The Phaistos Disc is a unique clay object that bears a text in an otherwise unknown script. It originates in the Minoan palace of Phaistos in Crete and dates with all probability to the 17th c. BCE. Despite many ambitious efforts, the writing system remains undeciphered. The Phaistos Disc is a thus far unique specimen of what is most likely a writing system (Greek Writing Systems), one of a number that are attested during the 2nd mill. BCE in the Aegean (Cretan Hieroglyphic Script; Linear A; Linear B). The Disc was discovered in 1908 in the Minoan palace of Phaistos situated in south-central Crete ( Pernier 1908). It was found in Building 101 of the North-East Sector of the palace, together with a Linear A tablet; the archaeological layers in which it was retrieved from were reportedly disturbed, due to the construction of houses dating to the Hellenistic peri…
Date: 2014-01-22

Philological-Grammatical Tradition in Ancient Linguistics

(10,028 words)

Author(s): Stephanos Matthaios
Abstract The present entry aims at investigating the development of ancient linguistics within the philological tradition of Greek Antiquity both from a historical and a systematic perspective. In the first part of the article there is discussion of the origins of the term ‘grammar’ and of the relevant definitions of ancient scholarship, with an aim to locate the position which language theory held in the framework of the philological discipline, but also to highlight the …
Date: 2013-11-01


(3,665 words)

Author(s): Brian Joseph
Abstract The p…
Date: 2013-11-01

Phonological Change

(2,353 words)

Author(s): Eugenio R. Luján
Abstract Phonetic changes can bring about phonological changes, i.e. alterations in the phonological system of a language, either in the number of phonemes and/or in the nature of the relations between those phonemes. The results can be of three major types: phonologization (phonemic addition), dephonologization (phonemic loss), and transphonologization (rephonemization). These alterations in the phonological system of a language are usually the result of one or more of the following processes: complete …
Date: 2014-01-27

Phonological Phrase

(1,692 words)

Author(s): David Goldstein
Abstract The phonological phrase is a constituent in the prosodic hierarchy that, prototypically, corresponds to sub-clausal noun-, verb-, and adjective-phrases in syntax (XPs). The phonological phrase (φ), also known as the minor phrase or minor phonological phrase, is the layer of prosody immediately beneath the intonational phrase that combines prosodic wor…
Date: 2013-11-01

Phonology (Survey)

(5,114 words)

Author(s): Angeliki Malikouti-Drachman
Abstract Phonology is that part of language description that relates the sound-system of a given language to the different morphological and semantic structures of its words. Greek is perhaps a special case. At its earliest stage, Mycenaean, it employs a syllabary, where a symbol represents a whole syllable, so that it is the alphabetic writing of the historical dialects that contributes to establishing the development of the phonological system of ancient Greek between these two periods of attestation o…
Date: 2013-11-01


(866 words)

Author(s): David Goldstein
Abstract Phonotactics define the permissible combinations of sounds within a word. Phonotactic constraints define permissible sequences of…
Date: 2013-11-01

Phytonyms (Names of Trees)

(1,522 words)

Author(s): Václav Blažek
Abstract Ancient Greek attests a number of tree-names (dendronyms and phytonyms) whose origins are diverse: some were inherited from PIE, others constructed within Greek itself, taken from the substrate language(s), or borrowed from neighboring languages; the origins of some remain obscure. Ancient Greek attests a number of tree-names ( dendronyms and phytonyms) whose origins are diverse: some were inherited from PIE (Indo-European Historical Background), others constructed within Greek itself (Greek Lexicon, Structure and Origin of), taken from…
Date: 2014-01-22

P (index)

(6,987 words)

P(h)etthaloi Thessalian Pachomius Translation of Greek Texts in Late Antiquity Packard, David W. Compu…


(877 words)

Author(s): David Goldstein
Date: 2013-11-01


(7 words)

Abstract   See Perfect Bibliography   …
Date: 2014-01-27

Plural/Pluralia Tantum

(688 words)

Author(s): Carlotta Viti
Abstract The flexible distribution of the plural number in Ancient Greek is discussed in this entry, focusing on the one hand on its possible overlap with the singular and on the other on the use of pluralia tantum. The plural number is used in Ancient Greek to denote more than two referents; in the latter case, the dual should be used. Unlike the dual, the plural is productive and fully integrated into the Ancient Greek number system. This especially becomes evident in plur…
Date: 2013-11-01