Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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(1,497 words)

Author(s): Hassan Salam Bazzi Hamzé
1. Definition The fāʿil (lit. ‘he who does’) corresponds, in the analysis of the Arab grammarians, to the protagonist of the verb. It is the primary element to which the verb relates (Sībawayhi, Kitāb I, 33–34), meaning that the verb “does not go without it” (Sīrāfī, Šarḥ II, 267). In fact, the verb ( fiʿl) and its fāʿil constitute a pair “each of whose two elements cannot go without the other, and which the speaker cannot do without” ( lā yaġnā wāḥidun min-humā ʿan al-ʾāxar wa-lā yajidu l-mutakallim min-hu buddan; Sībawayhi, Kitāb I, 23). For the Arab grammarians, the fāʿil is a syntactic fu…
Date: 2018-04-01


(4 words)

see Persian
Date: 2018-04-01


(4,439 words)

Author(s): Georgine Ayoub
Ibn Jinnī (d. 392/1002) defines grammar ( naḥw) as follows: “It is to follow the way the Arabs speak… so that the non-Arabs might have access to the Arabs' faṣāḥa” ( Xaṣāʾiṣ I, 34). More than a thousand years later, written Arabic is still called al-luġa al-fuṣḥā. This shows how the notion of faṣāḥa is an essential component of Arab language thinking. The root f-ṣ-ḥ is very ancient and is found in other Semitic languages. From f-ṣ-ḥ is derived fiṣḥ ‘Jewish Passover’, also ‘Christian Easter’ ( Ibn Manẓūr, Lisān, s.v.). In some Semitic languages, f-ṣ-ḥ is explicitly associated with somethi…
Date: 2018-04-01


(4 words)

see Gender
Date: 2018-04-01

F (fa- - Folmer, M.L.)

(2,098 words)

fa- ʿAmal, Conjunctions, Connectives, Deixis, Discourse Analysis, Energicus, Grounding, Jazāʾ, Kalām, Media Arabic, Middle Verbs, Poetic Koine, Polarity, Sentence Coordination, Sentence Coordination, Theme/Rheme, Translation Literature, Word Order…
Date: 2018-04-01

F (Fontinoy, Charles - Fyodorova, El’vira)

(1,275 words)

Fontinoy, Charles Pseudodual foot Phonology, Phonology: Metrical foot assignment rule Phonology: Metrical foot dominance Phonology: Metrical foot, binary Phonology: Metrical foot, degenerate Stress, Stress…
Date: 2018-04-01