Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Uyghur

(2,826 words)

Author(s): Hans Nugteren
1. Arabic- Uyghur relations Uyghur (usually called Modern Uyghur, to distinguish it from the Old Uyghur language which was once spoken in roughly the same area) belongs to the Chaghatay (Southeast) subgroup of the Turkic language family. It is one of the closest relatives of the dialect that provided the basis for the Chaghatay lingua franca and literary language. It is the literary language used by the speakers of a diverse group of dialects in eastern Turkistan. Most of the estimated ten million native speakers reside in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Repub…
Date: 2018-04-01

Uzbek

(2,955 words)

Author(s): Hans Nugteren
1. Arabic- Uzbek relations Uzbek (Ozbek, Özbek) is a Turkic language spoken by some 23 million people, most of whom live in Uzbekistan, while the remainder are distributed over neighboring countries, the largest groups being found in Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Arabic influence on modern Uzbek is restricted to loanwords; the entirely different structures of Arabic and Uzbek seem to have prevented any enduring grammatical influence. The lexical influence is pervasive, especially in the field of abstract notions, as exemplified by the following sentence: Insåniyatniñ madaniyat t…
Date: 2018-04-01

Uzbekistan Arabic

(6,714 words)

Author(s): Gerit Zimmermann
1. General 1.1 History: Origin of the Arab minority in Uzbekistan The Central Asian Arabs settled in the area of the Khanat Bukhara and the northern plains of Afghanistan-Turkistan. There are different theories about their origin. Barfield (1981:3–4) considers two possibilities. Either their origin goes back to the Islamization of Uzbekistan at the beginning of the 8th century (see also Karmysheva 1964:272; Akiner 1983:366), or Tamerlane settled the Arabs in Central Asia in 1401 after his conquests in the west, deporting Arabs from Damascus and Aleppo. Regard…
Date: 2018-04-01