Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Subject: Asian Studies

Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese

Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China.

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Korea

(2,451 words)

Author(s): Kindermann, Gottfried-Karl
Korea, which borders on China in the northeast, has adopted more Chinese cultural contents than other states in the East Asian cultural region, despite its marked development of autochthonic cultural elements. According to historical myths, a Korean state that later came to be called the Old Joseon kingdom (Chinese: Chaoxian) was supposedly founded in 2333 BCE in the Manchurian-Korean border region by a ruler named Dan-gun. The annals of the Chinese Han dynasty historian Sima Qian report that ar…

Korean War of 1950-53

(1,220 words)

Author(s): Kindermann, Gottfried-Karl
Only one year after its foundation, the PRC entered into an mutually undeclared, informal war with the USA, South Korea, and the United Nations (UN) in Korea. After Japan's capitulation in 1945, the Korean territory north of the 38th parallel had been occupied by Soviet forces, and the south by American troops. In 1947, the contradictions between the USA and the USSR ruled out inter-allied trusteeship, which had originally been envisaged for the administration of Korea; and the USA decided to tr…