Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

Early Release Version: content being added regularly, expected completion Fall 2016.

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Ellipsis and Gapping

(3,838 words)

Author(s): Ting-Chi WEI
1. Introduction The term "gapping" was coined by Robert Ross (1967, 1970). According to Jackendoff (1971), the process of gapping, which differs from elliptical phenomena such as vp-ellipsis, ellipsis in np, and sluicing, has the following properties (cf. Lobeck 1995): 1. a. A gap must be flanked by lexical material;   b. A gap must occur in a coordinate, but not subordinate clause;   c. A gap cannot precede its antecedent; and   d. A gap need not be a phrase. Johnson (2003) divides “gaps” into two types: simple gaps and complex gaps. A simple gap involves an unpronounced …
Date: 2016-11-09

Empty Categories

(2,524 words)

Author(s): Barry YANG
An empty category (EC) refers to a nominal element that is phonetically null (or unpronounced). Four types of EC are generally identified in the generative linguistic literature, i.e., NP-trace in the raising construction (1), wh-trace (sometimes called "variable") in the wh-question (2), pro in the null subject (sometimes null object) construction (3), and PRO in the control construction (4).  1. Johni seems [ ti to like linguistics very much]. 2. Whomi does Bill like ti? 3. pro  ha    parlato.  (Italian)           has  spoken.3sg 4. Johni plans [PROi to visit his aunt next week].  The …
Date: 2016-11-09

Encodings, Fonts, and Input Systems

(2,615 words)

Author(s): Christian WITTERN
1. Introduction Processing of Chinese characters in information technology systems can be separated into encoding (internal representation of a character), display of a character using so-called fonts, and input of characters. In the following, I will give a brief overview of the history and current state of Chinese character encoding, followed by a discussion of fonts and finally of methods for input of Chinese characters. 2. Chinese Character Encodings Encoding of characters in East Asia started in the 1970s, with the main activity in Japan, Táiwān and China. T…
Date: 2016-11-09