Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Editor-in-Chief: Rint SYBESMA, Leiden University

Associate Editors: Wolfgang BEHR University of Zürich, Yueguo GU Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Zev HANDEL University of Washington, C.-T. James HUANG Harvard University and James MYERS National Chung Cheng University

Early Release Version: content being added regularly, expected completion Fall 2016.

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

More information: Brill.com

Reading Characters and Words, Behavioral Studies

(2,698 words)

Author(s): In-Mao LIU | Jei-Tun WU
Reading is a process of transforming symbols into sounds (or representations of sounds) for the purpose of deriving meaning. Orthography generally refers to the rules about how to write these symbols. In the context of Chinese, the main concerns are “character recognition”, “word segmentation”, and “character-sound translation”. 1. Character Recognition Character recognition generally refers to character-form identification, from which meaning is retrieved. For understanding character recognition, the following topics are of general interests:…
Date: 2017-03-02

Reciprocals

(1,412 words)

Author(s): Chen-sheng Luther LIU
The meaning of reciprocity in Chinese reciprocal sentences, especially regarding distributivity and what is called grain ambiguity, cannot (as we will see below) be derived from the two major theories of reciprocals: the intrinsic theory of Heim
Date: 2017-03-02

Reconstruction, Methodology

(5,965 words)

Author(s): William H. BAXTER
Linguistic reconstruction is the process of making inferences about languages that are no longer spoken. Sometimes the goal is primarily to reconstruct some particular synchronic linguistic state: the language of a certain body of texts, or the language ancestral to a certain group of later languages. But in a broader sense, linguistic reconstruction involves the reconstruction of entire linguistic histories: not only what a particular language was like at a certain point in time, but also how i…
Date: 2017-03-02

Reduplication

(4,072 words)

Author(s): Feng-fan HSIEH
1. Introduction Sinitic languages are morphologically poor in the domain of inflection, and derivation is equally typically not realized by means of morphophonemic alternations either. Aside from compounding, reduplication may be regarded as the most well-represented morphological process in these analytical languages. Morphologically speaking, reduplication is affixation, although it has long been accepted, albeit not uncontroversially, that the reduplicative affix (i.e., the reduplicant) is copied from the stem or the root that undergoes reduplication, meaning that the reduplicant is phonologically empty, or more precisely, lexically unspecified for segmentism (see, e.g., McCarthy and Prince 1995). The Sinitic languages feature a variegated variety of reduplication. Specifically, reduplication falls into the following major patterns (see below for a fine-grained taxonomy): AA/ABAB,…
Date: 2017-03-02

Reference Processing and Discourse

(2,041 words)

Author(s): Yulong XU
Reference to entities talked about in discourse can be expressed in Chinese by using different types of referring expressions, and reference processing is an important sub-task of discourse processing, whose main purpose is to determine which discourse entity is referred to by a particular referring expression used in a particular discourse context. 1. Forms of Reference and Their Discourse Functions According to their form, Mandarin nominal referring expressions…
Date: 2017-03-02

Relative Clause Comprehension, Neurolinguistic Studies

(4,285 words)

Author(s): Chin-Lung YANG
1. Introduction Studies of relative clause (RC) processing in Chinese are motivated by the fact that Chinese sentences containing a RC have a “mixed-headed” structure. While in Chinese the verb phrase (VP) is head-initial as in English and many other languages, the structure of the nominal phrase is rigorously head-final, unlike English but consistent with head-final languages like Japanese, Korean and Hindi (Yamashita
Date: 2017-03-02

Relative Clauses

(3,771 words)

Author(s): Francesca DEL GOBBO
1. Typology A relative clause is a clause that modifies a noun phrase, as illustrated in the following example: 1. [我給你的]書   [wǒ  gěi   nǐ     de]  shū    1sg  give  2sg  …
Date: 2017-03-02

Resultatives

(6,947 words)

Author(s): Bianca BASCIANO
Date: 2017-03-02

Rgyalrong Language

(3,367 words)

Author(s): Guillaume JACQUES
Date: 2017-03-02