Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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Subject: Religious Studies

Editors: Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan and Lukas Vischer

The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008 which has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present. Comprehensive, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and socio-cultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

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Yemen

(1,080 words)

Author(s): Power, Bernard J.
Located in the southwest part of the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen is unique among its Arab near neighbors in geography, climate, and poverty. A backbone of mountain ranges in the western highlands runs from north to south, including Jebel an-Nabi Shuʾayb (3,760 m. / 12,336 ft.), the highest peak on the peninsula. The cooler temperatures allow extensive agriculture, which earned Yemen the accolade “Arabia Felix” (happy Arabia) from the ancient Romans. Other landforms include the coastal plains of the Tihama, the eastern highlands of the Hadramaut, and the vast desert of the Rubʿ al-Khali (empty quarter). Yemen’s low oil production (in 2005, est. 387,500 barrels per day), high birthrate (in 2006, an average of 6.8 births per woman), poor infrastructure, and widespread corruption (scoring a low 2.2 out of 10 on Transparency International’s latest annual report card) have conspired to keep the country poor. It is ranked at 150 out of the 179 nations in the Human Resources Index of the U.N. Development Pro…

Yezidis

(795 words)

Author(s): Colpe, Carsten
1. History The Yezidis are a religious community in the Syrian district of Simʿān and across to Ossetia. Though not unlike Iraqi Arabs, their Kurdish dialect (Kurds) and distinctive tradition make them a distinct ethnic group. Around 1900 they numbered up to 300,000, but after World War I only 100,000 and by 1983 only around 20,000. In 2005 estimates of the number of Yezidis worldwide ranged up to several times this re…