Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Subject: History

Executive editor of the English version: Graeme Dunphy

The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History is the English edition of the German-language Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. This 15-volume reference work, published in print between 2005 and 2012 and here available online, offers a multi-faceted view on the decisive era in European history stretching from ca. 1450 to ca. 1850 ce. in over 4,000 entries.
The perspective of this work is European. This is not to say that the rest of the World is ignored – on the contrary, the interaction between European and other cultures receives extensive attention.

New articles will be added on a regular basis during the period of translation, for the complete German version see Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit Online.

Subscriptions: Brill.com

Dalai Lama

(4 words)

See Lamaism
Date: 2016-09-26

Dame

(1,574 words)

Author(s): Walther, Gerrit
1. Concept The term, which came into English in the Middle Ages from the French dame (compare Italian dama/ donna, German Dame), derives from the Latin  domina (“mistress”). Dame in English is generally confined to an honorific title; where derivatives of domina in other languages denote a woman of high social rank or status, English uses “lady” (Old English hlafdige = “[woman] who kneads bread”) as Spanish uses señora. As a courtly title, “Dame” was mostly used in conjunction with the possessive “my” or 
Date: 2016-09-26

Dance

(3,843 words)

Author(s): Busch-Salmen, Gabriele | Walther, Gerrit | Rode-Breymann, Susanne
1. Introduction Dance - a sequence of stylized rhythmical steps and movements performed by individuals, couples, or groups - was one of the most widespread and popular forms of nonverbal communication and public representation in the early modern period. As an indispensable component of free time and festivals of all kinds, it formed part of the everyday world of almost all ranks and groupings, in both elite and popular culture (see also e.g. Kermis, fig. 1; Music, fig. 3). Many had their own danc…
Date: 2016-09-26

Danish Empire

(5 words)

See Colonial empire
Date: 2016-09-26

Daoism

(3 words)

See Taoism
Date: 2016-09-26

Darkness

(1,031 words)

Author(s): Koslofsky, Craig
1. Definition For early modern people, darkness was both a powerful symbol and a daily reality. As a symbol, it could represent evil, death, or the Devil, but also the divine or the distinguished. In its reality as an absence of light or as a skin color, darkness was an inescapable part of daily experience. In medieval culture its associations were overwhelmingly negative, but by 1700 positive views supplemented the traditional view: darkness as spiritual illumination emerged as a theme, and new a…
Date: 2016-09-26

Data gathering

(866 words)

Author(s): Brendecke, Arndt
Empirical work requires recording or registering selections from observations or samples; the procedures involved can be be called data gathering. They became important in the early modern period as scientists turned to empirical observations (Empiricism), appearing in the form of lists, tables, card files, bookshelves, and herbariums, remaining comparatively stable through the changes in designs for the organization of knowledge (Knowledge, organization of).The initial scenario for data gathering is to lay collected objects out on a table (French  mise en tableau), where…
Date: 2016-09-26

Dating, historical

(7 words)

See Calendar | Chronology
Date: 2016-09-26

Daughter republics

(4 words)

See Républiques-sœurs
Date: 2016-09-26

Day of Atonement

(6 words)

See Holiday
Date: 2016-09-26

Daytime

(5 words)

See Day, course of
Date: 2016-09-26

Day wage

(9 words)

See Day labor | Wage labor
Date: 2016-09-26

Deacon, deaconess

(835 words)

Author(s): Wendebourg, Dorothea
Over the course of late antiquity and the middle ages, the diaconate (Lat. diaconatus, “Service (in the Church),” office of the deacon; from Greek  diákonos, “servant (of the Church)”) -- an office restricted to men -- emerged as the lowest degree of clerical office and as an interim role on the road to priesthood. The modern Roman Catholic Church maintains this structure. On the other hand, the thinkers of the Reformation rejected it for two reasons: they dismissed the concept of a hierarchical order, with its implica…
Date: 2016-09-26

Dead to the world

(7 words)

See Person
Date: 2016-09-26

Dean

(3 words)

See Faculty
Date: 2016-09-26

Death, presumption of

(6 words)

See Person
Date: 2016-09-26

Debt

(9 words)

See Credit | Legal enforcement | Public finances
Date: 2016-09-26

Debt, imprisonment for

(6 words)

See Legal enforcement
Date: 2016-09-26

Debt, public

(9 words)

See Public credit | Sovereign default
Date: 2016-09-26

Deception

(4 words)

See FraudBibliography
Date: 2016-09-26
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