Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Edited by: Geoffrey Khan
Associate editors: Shmuel Bolozky, Steven Fassberg, Gary A. Rendsburg, Aaron D. Rubin, Ora R. Schwarzwald, Tamar Zewi

The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day.
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online features advanced search options, as well as extensive cross-references and full-text search functionality using the Hebrew character set. With over 850 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.

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Jenisch

(567 words)

Author(s): Matras, Yaron
Jenisch (Yenish) is a style of speech that is characterized by the insertion of a special vocabulary into local and regional dialects of German. This vocabulary is known only to members of the Jenisch community, and is used to mark ethnic identity as well as to prevent outsiders from understanding key elements of a private conversation. The Jenisch lexicon covers basic, everyday terms and typically includes up to five or six hundred lexical…

Jewish English, Hebrew Component in

(672 words)

Author(s): Sarah Bunin Benor
The influence of Hebrew on the English spoken by Jews is restricted mainly to the lexicon. Like other Diaspora communities, Jews in English-speaking countries use some words of Hebrew origin, especially (or solely) when communicating with other Jews. The number of Hebrew loanwords in Jewish English is not known with any precision, but estimates range from 500 to 2500. These words belong to various semantic domains, including religious observance (e.g., shacharit ‘morning service’ [< שחרית šaḥarit], Pesach ‘Passover’ [< פסח pesaḥ], tsitsis ‘ritual fringes’ [< ציצית ṣiṣit], riboyno shel oylam ‘God’ [< ריבונו של עולם ribbono šel ʿolam]) (these and the following words are spelled here according to variable and non-standardized community norms), lifecycle events (e.g., pidyon haben ‘ritual of redemption of the first-born son’ [< פדיון הבן pidyon hab-ben], bat mitzvah ‘girl’s coming-of-age ceremony’ [< בת מצוה bat miṣwa], mazel tov ‘congratulations’ [< מזל טוב mazal ṭov], levaya ‘fu…
Date: 2014-10-01

Jewish English, Hebrew Component in

(678 words)

Author(s): Benor, Sarah Bunin
The influence of Hebrew on the English spoken by Jews is restricted mainly to the lexicon. Like other Diaspora communities, Jews in English-speaking countries use some words of Hebrew origin, especially (or solely) when communicating with other Jews. The number of Hebrew loanwords in Jewish English is not known with any precision, but estimates range from 500 to 2500. These words belong to various semantic domains, including religious observance (e.g., shacharit ‘morning service’ [< שחרית šaḥarit], Pesach ‘Passover’ [< פסח pesaḥ], tsitsis ‘ritual …