Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Edited by: Geoffrey Khan
Associate editors: Shmuel Bolozky, Steven Fassberg, Gary A. Rendsburg, Aaron D. Rubin, Ora R. Schwarzwald, Tamar Zewi

The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day.
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online features advanced search options, as well as extensive cross-references and full-text search functionality using the Hebrew character set. With over 850 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.

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Oath/Curse Formulae: Biblical Hebrew

(631 words)

Author(s): Stadel, Christian
Biblical literature attests to a variety of curses, wishes for misfortune to befall one’s fellow. Except for the …

Oath/Curse Formulae: Rabbinic Hebrew

(548 words)

Author(s): Azar, Moshe
An oath formula is a linguistic structure composed of two elements. The first expresses authentication by oath, while the second conveys the oath’s actual content. Two categories of oaths must be distinguished in Rabbinic Hebrew: legally binding oaths, having judicial consequences and used also in court, and a variety of vernacular and informal oaths. Oaths of the first category, peculiar to Rabbinic Hebrew, are formed by the noun שבועה šeḇuʿa ‘[I hereby take an] oath’, (+ -ש še- ‘that’) + a clause expressing the oath’s content, for example,שבועה שלא אוכל šeḇuʿa šel-lo ʾoḵal ‘I swear t…


(2,593 words)

Author(s): Shemesh, Rivka
An object is a complement of a verbal or an adjectival predicate (Sadka 1981:130–131). In Hebrew an object can take one of three grammatical forms: (1) noun phrase, e.g., מסרתי כתובת masarti ktovet ‘I gave an address’; (2) pronoun suffixed to a finite or infinitive form of the verb, e.g., מסרתיה mesartiha ‘I gave it’, למסרה lemosrah ‘to give it’; (3) prepos…

Obsolete Meanings and Words

(1,363 words)

Author(s): Shivtiel, Avihai
Obsolete meaning refers to the case of a word which had more than one meaning, but which, in the course of time ‘lost’ one of its meanings, while obsolete word refers to an archaic word which is no longer used. …