Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Edited by: Geoffrey Khan
Associate editors: Shmuel Bolozky, Steven Fassberg, Gary A. Rendsburg, Aaron D. Rubin, Ora R. Schwarzwald, Tamar Zewi

The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day.
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online features advanced search options, as well as extensive cross-references and full-text search functionality using the Hebrew character set. With over 850 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics Online is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.

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Yemen

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Tobi, Yosef
According to the tradition of the Jews of Yemen, their forefathers left Jerusalem and settled in that country around the time of the destruction of the First Temple (586 B.C.E.). This tradition is supported by recent epigraphic findings (Lemaire and Bron 2009; Lemaire 2010; Lemaire and Bron forthcoming) as well as the close relationship between the pronunciation of ḥolem and ṣere in the linguistic tradition of the Jews of Yemen, a feature attested in some Hebrew dialects in the land of biblical Judea (Morag 1959; Tobi 1967). An affinity was also found be…

Yemen, Pronunciation Traditions

(6,715 words)

Author(s): Yaʿakov, Doron
Jews settled in Yemen in very early times; there was certainly a Jewish presence there no later than the Talmudic period. Yemenite Jews, like all other Jewish communities, possessed a reading tradition of Hebrew texts (in addition to a tradition of reading Judeo-Aramaic). This tradition (henceforth YT) passed from one generation to the next and took shape in the course of the intermediate period of Hebrew, from the time it ceased functioning as a spoken language until its revival in the 20th cen…