Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

Purchase Access
Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Jamaica

(3,151 words)

Author(s): John C. Knechtle
I. Social Facts The best source for determining the religious affiliation of the population of Jamaica today is the Jamaican census because it includes questions about religious affiliation and is the most comprehensive survey of the population. The most recent census in Jamaica was in 2011 with the prior censuses carried out in 2001 and 1991. The 2011 census indicates that 68.5% of the population affiliates with one of the 15 listed Christian denominations, 21% say they have no religion, 6.3% affiliate with “Other Religion/Denomination”, 1% identify…

Jan Mayen

(9 words)

Author(s): not-specified
forthcoming Not Specified Bibliography  

Japan

(6,130 words)

Author(s): Hiroaki Kobayashi
I. Preface The relationship between state and religion (the church-state relationship) has great significance for religious freedom and it is well known that this relationship differs from state to state. To what does the term “church-state relationship” refer in modern Japan? In order to grasp this, we should survey the history and character of church-state relations in Japan. Then we can deal with the problem of Yasukuni Shrine as an example. II. State and Religion in Japan A. Religious Relativism The religious life of the Japanese people can be seen in the traditional Sh…

Jarvis Island

(9 words)

Author(s): not-specified
forthcoming Not Specified Bibliography  

Jersey

(1,558 words)

Author(s): David McClean
I. Historical, Legal, and Social Background With Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey forms part of the Duchy of Normandy which has since 1066 been united with the English Crown. It is not part of the United Kingdom but a “Crown Dependency”; the British monarch is head of state as Duke of Normandy. The island of Jersey is the only inhabited island in the Bailiwick. Legislation passed by its parliament, the States of Jersey (presided over by the Bailiff), only comes into force when it is confirmed by a ro…