Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

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Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Kazakhstan

(4,885 words)

Author(s): Roman Podoprigora
I. Social Facts Despite the fact that Kazakhstan is considered a country of the Muslim world, the religious composition of the country is rather complicated. When estimates of the number of believers are made, very often the national affiliation of citizens is taken to indicate their religion. Thus people of all Asian nationalities, who make up the majority of the population of Kazakhstan, are often automatically considered to be Muslims. The same is true with the Slavic population, which is often …

Kenya

(4,903 words)

Author(s): Jack Busalile Mwimali
I. Social Facts Although the Kenyan state is avowedly secular, the Kenyan people are predominantly religious, and religious belief is highly entrenched in the social fabric. This is quite clear from the figures provided by the 2009 census, in which only 922,128 people (which constitutes only 2.4% of the total population) reported themselves as having “no religion”. In that census, a further 61,233 (equivalent to 0.2% of the population) said that they did not know their religion. It is notable that …