Encyclopedia of Law and Religion

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Subject: Law

Edited by: Gerhard Robbers and W. Cole Durham

In recent years, issues of freedom of religion or belief and state-religion relations have become increasingly important worldwide. The Encyclopedia of Law and Religion, unique in its breadth and global coverage, provides an important foundational resource for study of these issues. The encyclopedia covers the relation between law and religion in its various aspects, including those related to the role of religion in society, the relations between religion and state institutions, freedom of religion, legal aspects of religious traditions, the interaction between law and religion, and other issues at the junction of law, religion, and state.

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Taiwan

(2,787 words)

Author(s): Ying-Chu Wu
I. Social Facts The leading religions in Taiwan are Taoism, Buddhism, Catholicism, and Protestantism, with Taoism having the most followers. According to the statistics from the Ministry of the Interior, by the end of 2012, there were 12,026 temples and 3,282 churches, or 15,308 all together. The temples accounted for 79% of religious buildings, while the churches were 21%. Among the temples, 78% of them were Taoist (9,422) and 20% were Buddhist (2,348). The numbers of the temples and churches also reflect the numbers of followers. Of a population of 23 million in Ta…

Tajikistan

(4,760 words)

Author(s): Tanner James Bean
I. Social Facts According to a July 2015 estimate, there are roughly 8.2 million people living in the Republic of Tajikistan. Of those, ethnic Tajiks represent 84.3% of the population with the second-largest ethnic group being Uzbeks, at 13.8%. Of these 8.2 million, 90% are practicing Muslims, divided into two different groups: 85% belong to the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam and the other 5% are Ismaili Shia. With this 90% religious majority come inevitable religious influences on secular life. Othe…

Tanzania

(5,866 words)

Author(s): Chacha Bhoke Murungu
I. Social Facts According to the Population and Housing Census of 2012 prepared by the National Bureau of Statistics, Tanzania has a population of 44,928,923 people (21,869,990 males and 23,058,933 females). This census covers both Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar. The 2012 census did not include the religious distribution of the population because Tanzania is a secular state, and it is not a policy of the government to keep data on religious identity. Hence, there is no publicly available data on re…