Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle

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Subject: History

Edited by:  Edited by Graeme Dunphy and Cristian Bratu

The Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle brings together the latest research in chronicle studies from a variety of disciplines and scholarly traditions. Chronicles are the history books written and read in educated circles throughout Europe and the Middle East in the Middle Ages. For the modern reader, they are important as sources for the history they tell, but equally they open windows on the preoccupations and self-perceptions of those who tell it. Interest in chronicles has grown steadily in recent decades, and the foundation of a Medieval Chronicle Society in 1999 is indicative of this. Indeed, in many ways the Encyclopedia has been inspired by the emergence of this Society as a focus of the interdisciplinary chronicle community.

The online version was updated in 2014 and in 2016.

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Eadmer of Canterbury

(471 words)

Author(s): Hayward, Paul Antony
ca 1060 - post 1128. England. Benedictine monk of Christ Church Cathedral Priory, Canterbury; secretary to archbishops Anselm (1093-1109) and Ralph d'Escures (1114-22). Eadmer produced some twenty works, mostly saints' lives, miracle collections and sermons. He was also the author of a substantial Latin chronicle, the so-called Historia Novorum (History of Recent Novelties), conceived as a companion to his Vita S. Anselmi: whereas the Vita was a record of the archbishop's "private life", the Historia was a record of his public work, "of those things which took place b…
Date: 2016-10-17

Early Christian historical writing

(6,541 words)

Author(s): Lössl, Josef
Origins and beginnings: Hellenistic-Jewish backgroundChristian historical writing in the widest sense begins with the earliest Christian historical sources. These consist mainly of New Testament and related writings including the Pauline epistles, Gospels and Acts, and their sources, dating from the mid-first to the early second century ad. These works are closely related to, or indeed forms of, Jewish historical writing; for Christianity emerged entirely from a Jewish context and was first recognized as a distinct phenomenon in relation to…
Date: 2016-12-06

Ebendorfer, Thomas

(693 words)

Author(s): Ubl, Karl
1388-1464. Austria. Professor of theology at the University of Vienna. Author of six historical works in Latin, Cronica regum Romanorum , Cronica Austrie , Cathalogus presulum Laureacensium , Tractatus de scismatibus , Hystoria Jerusalemitana and Cronica pontificum Romanorum.The Cronica regum Romanorum was commissioned by Frederick III in the run-up to his imperial coronation in 1451. This chronicle was Ebendorfer's starting-point as an historian. The work, written in the years 1449/50, stretches from the first empire of the Assyrians…
Date: 2016-10-17

Eberhard von Gandersheim

(431 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
early 13th century. Germany. Eberhard was a priest ( pape, diaconus) attached as chaplain to the convent at Gandersheim, who acted as notary in a number of documents. At the time, the Abbess Mechtild I was in bitter dispute with the Bishop of Hildesheim, who challenged her independence. Eberhard appears to have supported her in a number of ways, possibly including forging a foundation charter of the convent. In 1208, Innocent III confirmed the status of the Gandersheimer Stift as subject only to the Holy See.In 1216-18, Eberhard composed the Gandersheimer Reimchronik (Gandersheim Rhym…
Date: 2016-10-17

Eberhard von Regensburg

(306 words)

Author(s): Plassmann, Alheydis
[Archidiaconus Ratisponensis] ca 1290-1305. Germany. Archdeacon in Regensburg. Continued the Annales of Hermann of Niederaltaich.Eberhard was born in Niederaltaich at an unknown date. In 1270 he returned prematurely from university due to his weak health. He recovered, and some time between 1282 and 1285 he received his master's degree in Paris. From 1289 he is attested as archdeacon in Regensburg. He died on the 25th or 27th of May some year after 1305, the last entry of his Annales. Like Hermann von Niederaltaich, Eberhard frequently added copies of important documents …
Date: 2016-10-17

Ebner, Christine

(250 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
1277-1356. Germany. Author of the Engelthal sisterbook in German prose. Christine was born in Nuremberg to a well-placed family. From the age of fourteen she was a nun at the Dominican convent of Engelthal (near Nuremberg), from 1345 prioress. She wrote the convent's sisterbook, entitled Von der genaden uberlast (On the abundance of His mercy), often referred to as a "convent chronicle" by modern scholars. Though it is basically a compilation of 47 nuns' lives, Christine promises to tell dez closters ze Engeltal anvank und die menig der genaden gotes die er mit den frawen …
Date: 2016-10-17

Ebran, Hans, von Wildenberg

(530 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
ca 1430-1501/03. Germany. A politician from a noble house, he composed a German language chronicle of Bavaria in Burghausen (Lower Bavaria) between 1479 and 1493.Hans Ebran came from a Lower Bavarian noble family who were interested in literature: his brother Heinrich Ebran also wrote a chronicle. Hans took part in seven campaigns of Duke Ludwig der Reiche of Landshut, and was knighted in 1462. A member of the ducal council from 1463, he held an important position in the ducal administration as a trained legal practiti…
Date: 2016-10-17

Editorial Team

(1,648 words)

Author(s): Dunphy, Graeme
Graeme Dunphy (Regensburg) General editor. Sectional editor for Germany and Ireland; leading articles and thematic articles (521 articles). Raymond Graeme Dunphy is professor of translation at the University of Applied Sciences in Würzburg. He has researched on medieval and baroque literature, and modern cross-cultural literature in English and German. Publications include a monograph on the chronicle of Jans der Enikel, the anthology History as Literature, and an edition of the Opitz text of the Annolied. He is President of the Medieval Chronicle Society and and co-f…
Date: 2016-10-17

Edlibach, Gerold

(332 words)

Author(s): Classen, Albrecht
24th September 1456 - 28th August 1530. Switzerland. Author of a town chronicle of Zürich. He also published one of the oldest glossaries of Rotwelsch, the German underworld slang.Edlibach was born in Zürich as the son of the Amtsmann (administrator) of the monastery at Einsiedeln. Little is known about his educational background and career. He married Ursula Röist in 1471 and had 18 children with her. Through the help of his stepfather he was appointed administrator of the Einsiedeln properties in Zürich in 1472 and held this post …
Date: 2016-10-17

Egher, Heinrich, von Kalkar

(460 words)

Author(s): Kümper, Hiram
[Calcariensis] 1328-1408. Germany. Mystic and musical theorist, and author of one chronicle. Studies in Cologne and Paris (1357 Magister artium). From 1362 canon in Cologne (St. Georg) and Kaiserswerth; joined the Cologne charterhouse in 1365. He held several offices in the order, amongst others vistator in Alemannia inferio, 1376/7-95. He may also have participated in Geert Grootes' conversio in Monnikhuizen (1368). Returned to Cologne in 1396, where he died 20th December 1408.Egher wrote the Ortus et decursus ordinis cartusiensis, a history of the Carthusian order, fini…
Date: 2016-10-17