Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle

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Subject: History

Edited by:  Edited by Graeme Dunphy and Cristian Bratu

The Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle brings together the latest research in chronicle studies from a variety of disciplines and scholarly traditions. Chronicles are the history books written and read in educated circles throughout Europe and the Middle East in the Middle Ages. For the modern reader, they are important as sources for the history they tell, but equally they open windows on the preoccupations and self-perceptions of those who tell it. Interest in chronicles has grown steadily in recent decades, and the foundation of a Medieval Chronicle Society in 1999 is indicative of this. Indeed, in many ways the Encyclopedia has been inspired by the emergence of this Society as a focus of the interdisciplinary chronicle community.

The online version was updated in 2014 and in 2016.

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Oberrheinische Chronik

(376 words)

Author(s): Kundert, Ursula
(Chronicle of the Upper Rhein) early 14th century. Southern Germany or Switzerland. Anonymous world chronicle in the Allemanic dialect of Middle High German, and one of the oldest chronicles in German prose, possibly by a member of the Teutonic Order. The only surviving manuscript, Freiburg i. Br., UB, Hs. 473, is an early copy written from 1337 until before 1352. The chronicle fills the first 33 folios, including a series of additions of contemporary information by four later writers. The authors giv…
Date: 2016-10-17

Oberto Cancelliere

(294 words)

Author(s): Bellomo, Elena
ca 1110/15-post 1174. Italy. Chancellor, consul and ambassador of the commune of Genoa (North Italy). Oberto's actual surname was Nasellus. However, after his appointment as chancellor of the Genoese commune in 1141 he also became known as Cancellarius. This became his new surname and was later used by his descendants as well. Oberto had significant connections with the archiepiscopal curia and also played an active role in Genoese politics. He was elected consul of the commune in 1155 and consul of justice in 1147, 1149, 1153, 115…
Date: 2016-10-17

Oddo di Biagio

(320 words)

Author(s): Cristian Bratu
14th century. Italy. The amount of information available about Oddo di Biagio's life is fairly limited. Although Agostino Lincio, author of the  Historiadelle famiglie della città di Ancona (1560), considered him a descendent of the Antiqui family, there is little actual evidence to that effect. Most of the information that we possess about the author comes from the records of the city council of Ancona and from his own chronicle, titled  Chronica de la edificatione et destructione del Cassero anconitano. In the prologue, he writes that he hails from Ancona and that he i…
Date: 2016-10-17

Odo of Deuil

(569 words)

Author(s): Pysiak, Jerzy
[Odon de Diogilo; Eudes de Deogilo] ca 1110-62. France. Benedictine monk, abbot of St. Denis, Paris. Born to a modest family, he entered the order at St. Denis and became a trusted companion of abbot Suger. In 1147-9 he participated in the Second Crusade as a chaplain of Louis VII, king of France (1137-80). Returning to France, Odo remained a trusted associate of both Louis and Suger, succeeding the latter as abbot of Saint-Denis in 1151, and appointed abbot of Saint-Corneille in Compiègne …
Date: 2016-10-17

Odorannus of Sens

(262 words)

Author(s): Rech, Régis
ca 985 - post 1045. France. Monk of St. Pierre-le-Vif at Sens (Benedictine). Odorannus is the author of many treatises, two of which are historical in character. The first, a life of Théodechilde who founded the abbey of St. Pierre, is in some ways a preamble to the second, his Chronicon, which covers the period 678-1032. The period up to 1015 is treated in very brief fashion, the details seemingly culled from the Annales Sanctae Colombae and the Historia Francorum Senonensis. Any original material was gleaned from the charters. The period 1015-32 is devoted to the efforts …
Date: 2016-10-17

Odorico da Pordenone

(520 words)

Author(s): Goldenberg, Dan
[de Foro Iulii] d. 1331. Italy. A Franciscan Friar, Odorico was born in Pordenone near Friuli sometime between 1265 and 1285. According to one tradition, he was the son of a soldier in the retinue of Ottakar II, king of Bohemia. Another tradition, less well-founded, tells that he belonged to a local family. He became a Franciscan around 1280, did missionary work in southern Russia for more than a decade, and after he returned to Italy, he was sent as a missionary to Constantinople and Tr…
Date: 2016-10-17

Offenburg, Henman

(348 words)

Author(s): Studt, Birgit
1379-1459. Germany. Basel entrepreneur and diplomat. Wrote a German-language report on his ambassadorial work and other achievements on behalf of the town of Basel in the years 1413-45. A member of a wealthy Basel family, he made a considerable fortune through foreign trade and bank dealings, and from 1410 belonged to the political leadership of the town, holding the post of guild master ( Oberzunftmeister) among others. His wealth allowed him to withdraw from commercial life in 1423. He invested his money in land and sat as a patrician in the town council. …
Date: 2016-10-17