Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle

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Subject: History

Edited by:  Edited by Graeme Dunphy and Cristian Bratu

The Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle brings together the latest research in chronicle studies from a variety of disciplines and scholarly traditions. Chronicles are the history books written and read in educated circles throughout Europe and the Middle East in the Middle Ages. For the modern reader, they are important as sources for the history they tell, but equally they open windows on the preoccupations and self-perceptions of those who tell it. Interest in chronicles has grown steadily in recent decades, and the foundation of a Medieval Chronicle Society in 1999 is indicative of this. Indeed, in many ways the Encyclopedia has been inspired by the emergence of this Society as a focus of the interdisciplinary chronicle community.

The online version was updated in 2014 and in 2016.

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Yaḥyā ibn Saʿīd al-Antākī

(326 words)

Author(s): Munt, Harry
ca 980(?) - after 1034, maybe as late as 1066. Egypt & Syria. The Melkite author of an Arabic continuation of Eutychius, he is also credited with three extant theological treatises.The continuation of the history of Eutychius runs from 938 until his own times. No surviving manuscript of this work goes beyond 1034, but it has been suggested that Yaḥyā may have taken it further, even up to 1066. So that his readers would not be confused by finding different versions of his work, Yaḥyā notes that he began it in Egypt at an anon…
Date: 2016-10-17

Yáñez, Rodrigo

(220 words)

Author(s): Martínez, Purificación
14th century. Castile (Iberia). Author of the Poema de Alfonso Onceno (Poem of Alfonso XI of Castile), according to stanza 1842: La profezía conté / e torné en dezir llano; / yo Ruy Yáñez, la noté en lenguaje castellano (I told the prophecy / and changed it into plain speech; I Ruy Yáñez wrote it in Castilian). Yáñez's Leonese origin has also been determined by the linguistic characteristics of the work, which point to an occidental dialect, probably western Leonese with Galician features, though no final conclusion about the language of the Poema has been reached. The poem is a partia…
Date: 2016-10-17

al-Yaʿqūbī

(371 words)

Author(s): Waines, David | Krauss-Sánchez,Heidi R.
[Ahmad bin Yaʿqūbī bin Jaʾfar] 3rd century ah (9thad). Mesopotamia. Abu al-Abbās Ahmad al-Yaʿqūbī was born in Baghdad, and died in Egypt some time after 292 ah (905 ad). Like his contemporary al-Dīnawarī, he also wrote a universal history ( Taʾrīkh), a longer text than that of al-Dīnawarī.Volume one, about a third of the total, covers the pre-Islamic period from Adam and his descendants and deals with, in addition to Middle Eastern peoples, those inhabiting regions beyond such as Indians, Greeks, Romans and Chinese. He also accurately cites …
Date: 2016-10-17

Yāqūt

(547 words)

Author(s): al-Naboodah, Hasan
[Shihāb al-Dīn Abu ʿAbd Allah al-Hamawī al-Rūmī] b. 574/75 ah (1179 ad). Mesopotamia. Yāqūt ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Hamawī al-Rūmī was born in Asia Minor. As a prisoner of war, he was purchased by a merchant from Baghdad who taught him to read and write and made him his assistant, sending him on a commercial mission to Qais (Kish) Island, which was a centre of world trade at the time. Yāqūt devoted himself to literacy, and worked as a book scribe whose manuscripts were sold in Baghdad. On re-joining his master, …
Date: 2016-10-17