(1,920 words)

I. Qart-ḥadašt/Carchedon (8th–2nd cents. BC; map A)

According to the report by Timaeus (FGrH 566 F 60; another detailed account in Iustinus, Elissa), Carchedon (Phoenician: Qart-ḥadašt/‘New Town’, Latin: Carthago, commonly Carthage) was founded in 814/13 or 813/12 BC by colonists from Tyre, whose leader was Princess Elissa/Dido. Situated on a peninsula on the African coast of the Mediterr…

Cite this page
Wittke, A.-M. and Niemeyer, H.G., “Carthage”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, Edited by: Anne-Maria Wittke, Eckart Olshausen, Richard Szydlak, in collaboration with: Vera Sauer and other specialists. Consulted online on 21 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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