City foundations and educational establishments in the Hellenistic period (4th–2nd cents. BC)
(945 words)



‘The matter of whether one was a Greek or a “barbarian” was decided on the basis not of origin or race, but of education’ (H. Gehrke). The Greek term for education, paideia, denoted education as a process of ‘upbringing’ and, at the same time, as ‘cultivation’, as an attribute and result of the process of schooling. The Greek educational ideal in the Hellenistic Period was characterized by …

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Wittke, A.-M., “City foundations and educational establishments in the Hellenistic period (4th–2nd cents. BC)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 25 June 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps3_BNPA118>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241



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