Distribution of the legions and the frontiers of the Roman Empire
(1,676 words)



I. Organization of the army from the time of Augustus

In the final days of the Roman Republic, there were probably 68 legions under arms. Including auxiliaries, this is estimated as a force of 350,000 men – more than were required for the maintenance of the peace and internal order of the Empire …

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Olshausen, E., “Distribution of the legions and the frontiers of the Roman Empire”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 25 June 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps3_BNPA208>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241



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