Egypt from the 4th to 1st cents. BC
(1,447 words)

I. The Ptolemaic kingdom (323 BC–12 August 30 BC) (map A)

The Ptolemies established themselves in Egypt, which Ptolemy I initially (323 BC) held as a satrapy, after the death of Alexander the Great (Ptolemy’s assumption of the royal title: 305 BC). They ruled with the help of the immigrant Graeco-Macedonian upper class (functionaries, colo…

Cite this page
Wittke, A.-M., “Egypt from the 4th to 1st cents. BC”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, Edited by: Anne-Maria Wittke, Eckart Olshausen, Richard Szydlak, in collaboration with: Vera Sauer and other specialists. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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