Italy under Roman rule: the Social system (338–89/82 BC)
(1,853 words)


The Roman Republic’s system of organizing its Italian socii (‘allies’) from 338 BC (with the end of the Latin War) until the so-called ‘Social War’ (also bellum sociale, bellum Marsicum, waged by the socii against Rome from 91-89 BC to win Roman citizenship) is generally referred to by scholars by use of the term ‘confederation’. The ancients had no term for it, using only circumlocutions (e.g. cives Romani, socii et nomen Latinum). This ‘system’ is to be understood in the conte…

Cite this page
Wittke, A.-M., “Italy under Roman rule: the Social system (338–89/82 BC)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, Edited by: Anne-Maria Wittke, Eckart Olshausen, Richard Szydlak, in collaboration with: Vera Sauer and other specialists. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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