The Etruscan core territory: emergence of the Etruscan cities (8th to 7th/6th cents. BC), as well as their heyday and crisis (6th to 4th/3rd cents. BC)
Among the peoples of ancient Italy it was the Etruscans whose highly developed culture attracted the attention of travellers and scholars at an early stage. They were the only Italic people to be actively involved in overseas trade and despite the problematic state of the sources, their history can still be retraced more clearly than that of the other peoples.