The organization of the Christian church after the Synod of Chalcedon (AD 451)
In the 2nd cent., the Christian congregations had moved from collegial leadership by the presbyters – modelled on the structure of authority in the Jewish diaspora communities – to the sole authority of one representative of the congregation, a bishop, who held office by virtue of his auctoritas and dignitas in succession to the Apostles. His sphere of authority usually included a city and the villages and individual farmsteads in its territorium. T…
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“The organization of the Christian church after the Synod of Chalcedon (AD 451)”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, Edited by: Anne-Maria Wittke, Eckart Olshausen, Richard Szydlak, in collaboration with: Vera Sauer and other specialists.
Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps3_BNPA228>