Trading routes in the Hellenistic period (4th–1st cents. BC)
(1,866 words)

In spite of the many military conflicts, the Near East and the Mediterranean region formed an increasingly close-knit zone of economic and commercial activity in the Hellenistic period. Participants were the Hellenistic kingdoms of the eastern Mediterranean, the Carthaginian thalassocracy, the Greek cities and leagues and, from at least the…

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Wittke, A.-M., “Trading routes in the Hellenistic period (4th–1st cents. BC)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, Edited by: Anne-Maria Wittke, Eckart Olshausen, Richard Szydlak, in collaboration with: Vera Sauer and other specialists. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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