Big Bertha
(279 words)

Big Bertha

Name popularly given to the 42-cm mortar on a wheeled carriage developed by the Krupp Company, and named after the eldest daughter of Friedrich Alfred Krupp.

Commissioned by the Prussian general staff as a howitzer with the aim of destroying the modern fortifications located in Belgium and France along the line of the planned Prussian advance. In 1909 Krupp proposed the 42-cm short naval cannon 12/16, with the cover-name Gamma Device, often also referred to as dicke Bertha (BB). This platform gun was transported by rail and fired 930-kg shells up to a distance o…

Cite this page
Gross, Gerhard P., “Big Bertha”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 27 March 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0072>
First published online: 2015



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