Iron Nail Memorials
(671 words)

Iron Nail Memorials

The creation of Iron Nail Memorials was initiated in Vienna on March 6, 1915, with the Eisern Wehrmann (‘Iron-clad Soldier’). Beginning in mid-1916 and then tapering off until the war’s end, individuals in Germany and Austria-Hungary also began making these crude, symbolic figures studded with nails, sometimes with metal shields as well. Others were occasionally made at the fronts, such as the Adler der Champagne (‘Eagle of Champagne’). Shield-studded iron nail memorials were also undertaken by schools after 1916 as part of a charitable init…

Cite this page
Schneider, Gerhard, “Iron Nail Memorials”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 22 September 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0311>
First published online: 2015



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