Pétain, Henri Philippe
(572 words)

Pétain, Henri Philippe

(April 24, 1856, Cauchy-à-la-Tour [Département Pas-de-Calais] – July 23, 1951, Port-Joinville [L’Île d’Yeu]), French marshal. Pétain graduated from the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (Specialized Military School of St. Cyr) in 1876. In 1914, he actually was a colonel facing the end of his career as a professional soldier. Moreover, his defensive orientation was not well suited to the then-prevailing offensive doctrine. Nevertheless he was swiftly promoted upon the outbreak of war. By August …

Cite this page
Becker, Jean-Jacques, “Pétain, Henri Philippe”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 30 March 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0462>
First published online: 2015



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