Two-Front War
(612 words)

Two-Front War

The specific strategic situation of the Central Powers, surrounded by the “Iron Ring” (W. Groener) of the opposing coalition. This was mostly seen as a grave strategic disadvantage, and was instrumental in the emergence before 1914 of the hazardous Schlieffen Plan: the attempt to forestall a two-front war, and so avoid the dissipation of Germany’s strength.

German policy during the Crisis of July 1914 has frequently been interpreted as having been motivated by the necessity to meet the threat of a two-front war, or “encirclement,” while i…

Cite this page
Afflerbach, Holger, “Two-Front War”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 27 March 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0600>
First published online: 2015



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