Badakhshī, Shāh Muḥammad
(2,010 words)

Badakhshī, Shāh Muḥammad (d. 1072/1662), son of Qāḍī Ākhūnd Mullā ʿAbdī (ʿAbd-i Muḥammad or ʿAbd-i Aḥmad), known as Mullā Shāh, titled Ākhūnd and Lisān Allāh (‘the tongue of God’), who used Shāh as his pen-name (makhlaṣ), was a poet, scholar and mystic of the Qādirī Sufi order. Originally from Badakhshān, he was born in the last decade of 10th/16th century in the village of Arkasā, a dependency of Badakhshān. Various dates are given in the sources for his birth, ranging from 990/1582 to 998/…

Cite this page
Shams, Mohammad Javad and Negahban, Farzin, “Badakhshī, Shāh Muḥammad”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 18 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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