Badīʿ in Persian Language and Literature
(2,325 words)

Badīʿ in Persian Language and Literature. Al-Rādūyānī’s Tarjumān al-balāgha, composed in the 5th/11th century, is the earliest Persian work on ʿilm al-badīʿ (‘figures of speech’, the art of arranging words of a discourse with elegance and precision, and expressing the ideas in an aesthetically pleasing manner), balāgha (eloquence) and ʿilm al-bayān (a branch of rhetoric, dealing with metaphorical language). The bo…

Cite this page
Rahimian, Hormoz and Negahban, Farzin, “Badīʿ in Persian Language and Literature”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 28 May 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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