Bahār-i ʿAjam
(1,287 words)

Bahār-i ʿAjam is a comprehensive lexicon of the Persian words and idioms used by Persian poets, which was compiled by Lāla Tīk Chand (d. 1180/1766), an Indian poet and literary figure, who had the pen name (takhalluṣ) Bahār and was popularly known as Munshi Ray Lala Tek Chand Bahār (Rypka, 730). The author worked on the lexicon for twenty years, and given that the chronogram ‘yādigār-i faqīr-i ḥaqīr Bahār’ at the colophon equates to a completion date of 1152/1739, it is likely that it was started in 1132/1720 (see Bahār, ed. 1916, 1/2, 2/512; ed. 2001, introd., …

Cite this page
Afsharian, Marjan and Poor, Daryoush Mohammad, “Bahār-i ʿAjam”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 18 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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