Baḥrayn (Bahrain)
(17,174 words)

Baḥrayn (Bahrain), a country that came into existence amid a conflict over maritime borders between Iran and Britain in 1349 Sh./1970 and, eventually, as a result of a survey conducted by the UN that was accepted by the Iranian government, emerged as an independent state on 15 August 1971, and formally became a member of the United Nations. The constitutional system of…

Cite this page
Ganji, Mohammad Hassan, Umar, Suheyl, Eghtedari, Ahmad, Lajevardi, Fatemeh, Pakatchi, Ahmad, Bahramian, Ali and Vosoughi, Mohammad Bagher, “Baḥrayn (Bahrain)”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 18 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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