(5,931 words)

Balāgha, meaning eloquence or clarity of speech, particularly poetical speech; the term comes from the phrase balagha al-kalām, ‘the speech reached [its addressee]’. It is used in a technical sense to denote the correspondence of speech to the ability of the listener to appreciate it, or to the requirements of a given situation. The term is also used adjectivally (balīgh) to denote a speaker possessed of the ability to produce eloquent speech (al-Khaṭīb, 1/72, 79–80).

Arabic: Historical Overview

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Cite this page
Farzaneh, Babak, Melvin-Koushki, Matthew and Daadbeh, Asghar, “Balāgha”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 18 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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