Balʿam Bāʿūr
(1,035 words)

Balʿam Bāʿūr (or Bāʿūrāʾ), a biblical figure that appears in the Islamic written tradition. The foundational narrative for Balʿam’s story in the Islamic tradition—which, in the main, agrees with the Old Testament one—is Q 7:175–176, which tells of an unnamed person who is given God’s signs but turns away from them and follows the Devil’s path. While this passage is generally accepted to refer to Balʿam, the story has also been interpreted as referring to one or more of the Prophet Muḥammad’s cont…

Cite this page
Manouchehri, Faramarz Haj and Asatryan, Mushegh, “Balʿam Bāʿūr”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 22 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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