(13,518 words)

Balkh, was an ancient city and political region in Greater Khurāsān, a district whose boundaries and territory differ from those of modern Balkh. The territory of Balkh is now a small province (about 12,800 km2) in northern Afghanistan, the capital of which is the city of Mazār-i Sharīf (Raʾīs al-Sādāt, 204; Dawlatābādī, 30).

The city of Balkh was regarded as one of the most important centres of Persian culture, its importance deriving from its opportune location at the convergence …

Cite this page
Reza, Enayatollah, Brown, Keven, Behroozi, Mehrnaz, Ahmadi, Mohsen, Mahdavi, Maliheh, Movahhed, Maryam Falahati, Gozashteh, Naser and Arsanjani, Homeira , “Balkh”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 22 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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