Basīṭ al-Ḥaqīqa
(2,203 words)

Basīṭ al-Ḥaqīqa, a term in Islamic philosophy which is used, especially in the philosophy of Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī (commonly known as Mullā Ṣadrā, d. 1050/1640), to indicate the unique simplicity (basāṭa) of the essence of God. Real simplicity (basīṭ ḥaqīqī), i.e. the state of being absolutely uncompounded, applies to an existence which is not only not composed of real parts, but for which parts are inconceivable even in the mind (al-Jurjānī, 38). Such a concept is faithful to the distinction between objective composition (tarkīb khārijī) and mental composition (tarkīb dhihnī). As…

Cite this page
Anvari, Mohammad Javad and Brown, Keven, “Basīṭ al-Ḥaqīqa”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 18 July 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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