Damascus, the capital city of the Syrian Arab Republic and the centre of a province by the same name in the south-west of Syria.
There are numerous stories, many of a mythical character, about the founding and naming of Damascus. As regards the historical record, in the Tell el-Amarna tablets of Egypt, which date back to 14th century BCE, the city is named Ta-ms-qu and in the clay tablets o…
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Mohammad Reza Naji,
Ahmad Pakatchi and
Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary.
Consulted online on 21 May 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_037162>