Dualism
(2,366 words)

Dualism (thanawiyya, also aṣḥāb al-ithnayn and ahl al-tathniya) a term in Islamic heresiography used to denote certain groups said to have espoused dualist beliefs (al-Ashʿarī, 327, 485; al-Bāqillānī, 60). While this term is not found in the Qurʾān and the ḥadīth corpus, refutations of the thanawiyya mentioned in Ibn al-Nadīm’s Fihrist suggest that the term was widely used in the 2nd/8th century. Judging by its contexts, an accusation of dualism was often deployed by Muslim authors as a pejorative term for groups whose beliefs were deemed to contradict the core Islamic doctrine of tawḥī…

Cite this page
Alireza Seyyed Taghavi, “Dualism”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 19 July 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036135>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110



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