(1,465 words)

(old Arabic name: al-Buraid̲j̲a, “the little fortress”; modern Arabic name: al-Ḏj̲adīda “the new”), a town on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, 7 miles S. E. of the mouth of the Wādī Umm Rabīʿ. Its population in 1926 was 19,159, of whom 14,141 were Muslims and 3.385 Jews.

Some writers think that Mazagan was built on the site of the ‘ΡουσιβίΣ λιμήν of Ptolemy, or Portus Rutubis of Pliny. The texts however do not say that there was ever a town there, but only a roadstead frequented by ships. The situation seems to have remained unchanged throughout the middle ages…

Cite this page
Colin, G. S. and de Cenival, P., “Mazagan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 20 June 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004082656, 1913-1936

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